Mendelssohn Session (2015)


Budapest Festival Orchestra

The Question

In the brave new world of High Resolution Music Downloads many music fans have asked a big question.  Is there a difference in sound quality that comes from recordings made at different DSD bit rates with different Analog to Digital Converters (ADCs)? 

 A Unique Opportunity

The experts at Native are giving you a unique opportunity to compare a brand new performance of “A Midsummer Night’s Dream” by the Budapest Festival Orchestra under the direction of Ivan Fischer.  The session was recorded at two different Direct Stream Digital (DSD) bit rates – Single Rate DSD (DSD 64fs) and Quad Rate DSD (DSD 256fs) using two of the industry’s best Analog to Digital Converters – the Grimm Audio AD1 (at DSD 64fs) and the Merging Technologies Horus (at DSD 256fs) from a dedicated recording session in Budapest.

 The Engineers
You can’t really do a comparison like this justice without top flight equipment and recording talent.  On this recording, we have both. 

For this unique project, Jared Sacks, Founder of Native DSD and Producer and Recording Engineer of Channel Classics teamed up with Tom Caulfield, Mastering Engineer for Native DSD and a Veteran Recording Engineer and DSD Expert. 

 The Recording
Jared Sacks produced an analog mix of the performance with the Budapest Festival Orchestra.  From that analog mix, Jared used his Grimm AD1 DSD 64fs converter and created a Stereo and Multichannel edition of the performance from the Grimm AD1 that was stored on the Merging Pyramix DAW system in Single Rate DSD (DSD 64fs).

Tom Caulfield took the exact same signal and used the Merging Technologies Horus DSD 256fs converter to create a Stereo and Multichannel edition of the performance on the Horus that was stored on the Merging Pyramix DAW system in Quad Rate DSD (DSD 256fs).

There was absolutely no post production involved in these files.

 Comments from The Engineers:
Jared Sacks:

“Setting up with the usual amount of equipment in the hollows of the MUPA Concert hall was more crowded than usual with Tom taking a side table to set up his computer to parallel record the Budapest Festival Orchestra.  Since we always make an analogue mix during the sessions it was a simple task to split the feed close to the two converters without any loss of signal.  Channel Classics has been using a custom made analogue mixer from the Dutch electronics master Rens Heijnis who also developed custom made battery powered microphone preamplifiers that we use in Channel Classics DSD recording sessions.  All of this equipment is connected with 3T carbon cables from Van der Hul.  For this DSD comparison, we selected a simple 4 minute Scherzo from the sessions.”

Tom Caulfield:
“Over time, Jared and I have discussed the merits of higher than 64fs DSD bit rate recording. He records all his projects with arguably the finest DSD A/D converter available today, the Grimm AD1. One of its characteristics however is it only operates at 2.82MHz, 64fs DSD – Single Rate DSD.

All DSD encoding has as an artifact a modulation noise far exceeding the level of the incoming analog signal.  DSD can shift this noise energy to above the useful audio frequency band, where it can be filtered.  Using higher DSD bit rates (DSD 128fs, DSD 256fs) simply raise the noise envelope an octave for every doubling of the bit rate.  The shifted noise envelope shape, and amount of noise energy remain the same.  Just the frequency where the noise starts to become a measurable percentage of the lowest audio signal level doubles for every doubling of the bit rate.  Also, at any DSD bit rate, the noise is uncorrelated to the signal, like tape hiss.  That's very different than a correlated linear distortion or modulation.”

The Expectation:
So the discussion went; the actual encoding of the audio band should not be affected by the DSD bit rate, since regardless of the bit rate chosen, the audio band is well outside its frequency spectrum and influence…theoretically.  The in-audio band conversion quality should be the sound quality determining factor, not the DSD sampling rate.

Well, Let's Test That!

Of course, there is only one way to really find out whether the theory and the expectation of DSD recording meet the reality.  And that is to create a new recording on two of the top DSD converters and listen to the results.  So they did!

 What resulted was a pair of exactly level matched Stereo and Multichannel files – at 64fs DSD from the Grimm AD1, and at 256fs DSD from the Horus.  Both were recorded with identical Pyramix Digital Audio Workstations.

 Recognizing that there would be interest in comparisons at Double Rate DSD (DSD 128fs), they also converted the Quad Rate DSD recording from the Horus from Quad Rate DSD (DSD 256fs) to Double Rate DSD (DSD 128fs).  That gives you, the listener, yet a third set of Stereo and Multichannel files to listen to and compare.

Now It’s Your Turn
And now, it’s your turn to listen to the results of this historic recording session where you can  test the quality and performance of different DSD resolution levels and two top notch DSD converters. 

Below you will find links to the performance at multiple DSD resolution levels. I invite you to download these files, free of charge from Native DSD. Once you have downloaded the files and compared the results, we’d like to invite you to report your results and comments as reponses to this article on

I hope you enjoy helping the folks at Native and Channel Classics make some DSD Recording History! 

See below for the free DSD Track downloads of Mendelssohn’s “A Midsummer Night’s Dream” (Scherzo) in:

- DSD 64 (original from Grimm AD converter)
- DSD 64 (downsampled from DSD 256 to DSD 64 via Horus) 
- DSD 128 (downsampled from DSD 256 to DSD 128 via Horus) 
- DSD 256 (original from Pyramix Horus AD converter) 

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Budapest Festival Orchestra

Ivan Fischer is founder and Music Director of the Budapest Festival Orchestra. The partnership between Iván Fischer and his Budapest Festival Orchestra has proved to be one of the greatest success stories in the past three decades of classical music. Intense international touring and a series of acclaimed recordings for Philips Classics, later for Channel Classics have contributed to Iván Fischer's reputation as one of the world's most visionary and successful orchestra leaders.

He has developed and introduced new types of concerts, "Cocoa-Concerts” for young children, "Midnight Music” concerts for students, "Surprise” concerts where the programme is not announced, "One Forint Concerts” where he talks to the audience, open-air concerts in Budapest attracting tens of thousands of people. He has founded several festivals, including a summer festival in Budapest on baroque music and the Budapest Mahlerfest which is also a forum for commissioning and presenting new compositions.

As a guest conductor Fischer works with the finest symphony orchestras of the world. He has been invited to the Berlin Philharmonic more than ten times, he leads every year two weeks of programs with the Royal Concertgebouw Orchestra, and appears with leading US symphony orchestras, including the New York Philharmonic and the Cleveland Orchestra.

Earlier music director of Kent Opera and Lyon Opera, Principal Conductor of National Symphony Orchestra in Washington DC, his numerous recordings have won several prestigious international prizes.

Ivan Fischer studied piano, violin, cello and composition in Budapest, continuing his education in Vienna in Professor Hans Swarowsky’s conducting class. Recently he has been also active as a composer: his works have been performed in the US, Holland, Hungary, Germany and Austria, and he staged successful opera performances.

Mr. Fischer is a founder of the Hungarian Mahler Society, and Patron of the British Kodály Academy. He received the Golden Medal Award from the President of the Republic of Hungary, and the Crystal Award from the World Economic Forum for his services to help international cultural relations. The French Government named him Chevalier des Arts et des Lettres. In 2006 he was honored with the Kossuth Prize, Hungary’s most prestigious arts award. He is honorary citizen of Budapest. In 2011 he received the Royal Philharmonic Award and the Dutch Ovatie prize. In 2013 he was awarded Honorary Membership of the Royal Academy of Music in London.

As of August 2011 Ivan Fischer is music director of the Konzerthaus Berlin and principal conductor of the Konzerthausorchester Berlin.

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Mendelssohn Session (2015)


Budapest Festival Orchestra

Cables: van der Hul
Digital Converters: Grimm 64fs AD / Horus 256fs
Mastering Engineer: Tom Caulfield
Microphones: Bruel & Kjaer, Schoeps
Mixing Board: Rens Heijnis custom made
Producer: Hein Dekker
Recording Engineer: Jared Sacks
Recording location: Budapest concert Hall (Mupa)
Recording Software: Pyramix
Recording Type & Bit Rate: DSD256

Free Track Download STEREO MULTI
1. Mendelssohn - BFO Grimm AD - 64fs
2. Mendelssohn - BFO - Horus 64fs
3. Mendelssohn - BFO Horus 128fs
4. Mendelssohn - BFO Horus 256fs
5. Mendelsshonn-BFO Grimm 64fs +.34db via Signalist
6. Mendelssohn - BFO Horus 64fs via Signalist
7. Mendelssohn - BFO Horus 128fs via Signalist

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